Capital Gains Tax Changes: How the Finance Act 2019 Impacts Investments.

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The Finance Act 2019 introduced significant changes to the capital gains tax (CGT) regime in Nigeria, affecting individuals and businesses involved in the sale of assets such as real estate, stocks, and other investments. Capital gains tax is levied on the profit made from the disposal of capital assets, and the reforms introduced by the Act have implications for investors and the investment climate. In this article, we will explore the key capital gains tax changes under the Finance Act 2019 and their impact on investments in Nigeria.

1. Extension of CGT Exemptions:

The Finance Act 2019 extended the capital gains tax exemptions for certain types of assets. Previously, gains on listed securities such as stocks were exempt from CGT. With the Act’s implementation, this exemption was further extended to include gains on securities traded on the Nigerian Stock Exchange, NASD OTC, and other recognized securities exchanges in Nigeria. This move aims to encourage investment in the Nigerian capital market.

2. CGT on Real Estate Transactions:

The Finance Act 2019 brought about changes in capital gains tax on real estate transactions. Previously, individuals were subject to CGT on gains from the sale of real estate properties, while companies were exempt. However, the Act now requires companies to pay CGT on gains from the disposal of real estate properties. This change aims to create a level playing field and increase government revenue from real estate transactions.

3. Adjustments to CGT Rates:

The Act also introduced adjustments to the capital gains tax rates applicable to different types of assets. For individuals, the CGT rate on gains from the disposal of stocks and other securities was reduced to 10%. On the other hand, companies are now subject to a CGT rate of 30% on gains from the sale of real estate properties. These rate adjustments have implications for the after-tax returns on investments and the overall attractiveness of various asset classes.

4. Impact on Investment Decisions:

The changes in capital gains tax rates and exemptions can influence investment decisions in Nigeria. Lower CGT rates on securities may attract more investors to the capital market, promoting liquidity and increasing investment activity. Additionally, the extension of CGT exemptions to listed securities may encourage businesses to consider going public, fostering capital formation and investment opportunities.

5. Record-Keeping and Compliance:

The Finance Act 2019 emphasizes the importance of proper record-keeping and compliance with CGT regulations. Taxpayers must maintain accurate records of their capital asset transactions to determine the correct CGT liabilities. Non-compliance with CGT regulations can lead to penalties and potential legal consequences, highlighting the need for robust tax compliance practices.

6. Planning Strategies for Investors:

Given the changes in CGT rates and exemptions, investors should adopt tax planning strategies to optimize their investment outcomes. For instance, individuals may consider timing the sale of assets to benefit from lower CGT rates, while companies may assess the impact of CGT on their real estate holdings as part of their overall investment strategy.


The capital gains tax changes introduced by the Nigeria Finance Act 2019 have far-reaching implications for investments in the country. The extension of exemptions to listed securities, adjustments to CGT rates, and the inclusion of companies in CGT on real estate transactions all shape the investment landscape.

Compliant and strategic investment practices play a crucial role in maximizing the benefits of the CGT changes and supporting Nigeria’s economic development in the long term.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.