Building Tax-Efficient Structures: Insights from the Finance Act 2020.

Skewed corporate tax structure: Bigger firms pay lower taxes on profits  compared to smaller peers


The Finance Act 2020 represents a significant milestone in Nigeria’s tax landscape. Enacted with the aim of promoting fiscal responsibility, improving revenue generation and creating a more favorable business environment, the act introduces a range of amendments that impact businesses and individuals alike. Among its many provisions, the Finance Act 2020 offers valuable insights for building tax-efficient structures. In this article, we will explore these insights and provide guidance on optimizing tax efficiency within the framework of the act.

Understanding Tax-Efficient Structures:

A tax-efficient structure is one that legally minimizes a business’s or individual’s tax liability while complying with all applicable tax laws. Such structures can significantly benefit entities and individuals by preserving capital, enhancing profitability and ensuring compliance.

Key Insights from the Finance Act 2020:

  • VAT Planning:
    • The act increases the VAT rate from 5% to 7.5%. To mitigate the impact on consumers and businesses, it is crucial to review pricing strategies and communicate any necessary price adjustments transparently.
    • VAT-registered businesses should maintain accurate records and ensure timely remittance to avoid penalties.
  • Transfer Pricing Regulations:
    • The Finance Act 2020 strengthens transfer pricing regulations, emphasizing the arm’s length principle in related-party transactions.
    • Businesses should review and strengthen their transfer pricing documentation to ensure compliance and avoid potential penalties.
  • Capital Gains Tax (CGT) Planning:
    • The act amends CGT provisions, impacting the taxation of gains from asset sales, mergers, or acquisitions.
    • Careful valuation of assets and consideration of available CGT exemptions, such as those for shares listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange, can optimize tax positions.
  • Tax Loss Utilization:
    • The act introduces limitations on the utilization of tax losses. Companies should assess the impact on their tax positions and consider strategies to optimize the use of losses, such as restructuring or profit planning.
  • Digital Economy Focus:
    • Companies operating in the digital economy should be aware of the act’s provisions related to VAT on digital services and adjust their compliance and pricing strategies accordingly.
    • Investment in tax compliance software and digital solutions can streamline processes and reduce the risk of errors.
  • Consultation with Tax Professionals:
    • Engaging experienced tax professionals is essential for businesses and individuals to navigate the complexities of the Finance Act 2020 effectively.

Benefits of Tax-Efficient Structures:

  1. Cost Savings: Tax-efficient structures can lead to significant cost savings by optimizing tax positions and reducing liabilities.
  2. Improved Profitability: Lower tax burdens contribute to increased profitability, allowing businesses and individuals to retain more of their income and capital.
  3. Competitiveness: Tax-efficient structures can make businesses more competitive in the marketplace, as they can offer competitive pricing or invest more in growth initiatives.
  4. Compliance and Risk Mitigation: Tax-efficient structures ensure compliance with tax laws and reduce the risk of penalties or legal issues associated with non-compliance.


The Finance Act 2020 has ushered in a new era of taxation in Nigeria, with far-reaching implications for businesses and individuals. Building tax-efficient structures is not only a legal right but also a strategic imperative. By staying informed about the provisions of the act, leveraging incentives and reliefs, maintaining transparent pricing strategies, enhancing transfer pricing documentation and seeking professional tax guidance, businesses and individuals can navigate the complexities of the Finance Act 2020 while optimizing their tax efficiency.

For professional advice on Accountancy, Transfer Pricing, Tax, Assurance, Outsourcing, online accounting support, Company Registration, and CAC matters, please contact Sunmola David & CO (Chartered Accountants & Tax Practitioners) at Lagos, Ogun state Nigeria offices, You can also reach us via WhatsApp at +2348038460036.