Analyzing the Impact of the Nigeria Finance Act 2019 on Corporate Tax Rates for Businesses.

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The Nigeria Finance Act 2019 introduced significant reforms that have had a profound impact on corporate tax rates in the country. In this article, we will explore the key aspects of the Finance Act 2019 and how it has influenced corporate tax rates in Nigeria, providing businesses with valuable insights to navigate the evolving tax landscape.

Reduction of Corporate Tax Rates for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs):

A notable change brought about by the Finance Act 2019 is the reduction in corporate tax rates for SMEs. Businesses with annual turnovers below N25 million now enjoy a reduced tax rate of 20% instead of the previous rate. This adjustment aims to foster business growth, encourage entrepreneurship, and provide relief for SMEs, allowing them to allocate resources more efficiently and invest in their development.

Maintaining Corporate Tax Rates for Large Corporations:

While SMEs benefitted from reduced tax rates, the Finance Act 2019 maintained the existing corporate tax rates for larger corporations. Companies with turnovers above N25 million continue to be subject to the standard corporate tax rate, which remains a significant factor to consider in tax planning strategies and financial forecasting.

Enhanced Compliance Measures for Corporate Taxation:

In addition to changes in tax rates, the Finance Act 2019 introduced stricter compliance measures to improve tax collection and enforcement. Businesses are now required to maintain accurate records, comply with tax regulations, and ensure timely filing and payment of corporate taxes. It is crucial for companies to be aware of these compliance requirements to avoid penalties and legal consequences.

Impact on Tax Planning Strategies:

The changes in corporate tax rates introduced by the Finance Act 2019 necessitate a reassessment of tax planning strategies for businesses operating in Nigeria. Companies need to evaluate the impact of these rate adjustments on their overall tax liability and consider potential restructuring or investment decisions to optimize their tax position. Seeking professional guidance from an audit firm can help businesses navigate these complexities effectively.

Competitive Advantage for SMEs:

The reduction in corporate tax rates for SMEs presents a competitive advantage for these businesses. With lower tax burdens, SMEs have more resources available for investment, expansion, and innovation. This change can help level the playing field and encourage growth and competitiveness within the SME sector, contributing to overall economic development.


The Nigeria Finance Act 2019 has brought about significant changes to corporate tax rates in the country, specifically benefiting SMEs with reduced tax rates. These changes have far-reaching implications for businesses operating in Nigeria, necessitating a comprehensive understanding of the new tax landscape. By grasping the impact of the Finance Act 2019 on corporate tax rates, businesses can effectively plan their tax strategies, ensure compliance, and leverage available opportunities to optimize their financial position. Seeking the expertise of an audit firm can prove invaluable in navigating these changes and aligning tax planning efforts with business objectives.


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